Medication for treating autism - Medications for behavioral problems - Bright Tots - Information on child development - Autism information
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Medication for
Treating Autism


TRADE NAME
GENERIC NAME
APPROVED AGE
Stimulant Medications
Adderall
amphetamine
3 and older
Adderall XR
amphetamine
(extended release)
6 and older
Concerta
methylphenidate
(long acting)
6 and older
Cylert
pemoline
6 and older
Dexedrine
dextroamphetamine
3 and older
Dextrostat
dextroamphetamine
3 and older
Focalin
dextroamphetamine
6 and older
Metadate ER
methylphenidate
(extended release)
6 and older
Ritalin
methylphenidate
6 and older
Non-stimulant for ADHD
Strattera
atomoxetine
6 and older
*Because of its potential for serious side effects affecting the liver, Cylert should not ordinarily be considered as first-line drug therapy for ADHD.
Antidepressant and Antianxiety Medications
Anafranil
clomipramine
10 and older (for OCD)
BuSpar
buspirone
18 and older
Effexor
venlafaxine
18 and older
Luvox (SSRI)
fluvoxamine
8 and older (for OCD)
Paxil (SSRI)
paroxetine
18 and older
Prozac (SSRI)
fluoxetine
18 and older
Serzone (SSRI)
nefazodone
18 and older
Sinequan
doxepin
12 and older
Tofranil
imipramine
6 and older (for bedwetting)
Wellbutrin
bupropion
18 and older
Zoloft (SSRI)
sertraline
6 and older (for OCD)
Antipsychotic Medications
Clozaril (atypical)
clozapine
18 and older
Haldol
haloperidol
3 and older
Risperdal (atypical)
risperidone
18 and older
Seroquel (atypical)
quetiapine
18 and older
Mellaril
thioridazine
2 and older
Zyprexa (atypical)
olanzapine
18 and older
Orap
pimozide
12 and older (for Tourette's syndrome—Data for age 2 and older indicate similar safety profile)
Mood Stabilizing Medications
Cibalith-S
lithium citrate
12 and older
Depakote
valproic acid
2 and older (for seizures)
Eskalith
lithium carbonate
12 and older
Lithobid
lithium carbonate
12 and older
Tegretol
carbamazepine
any age (for seizures)
Medication for Treating Autism
Medications for  autism are often used to treat behavioral problems, such as aggression, self-injurious behavior, and severe tantrums. These autistic behaviors interfere with a child from functioning more effectively at home or school. The medications used are those that have been developed to treat similar symptoms in other disorders. Many of these medications used for treating autism may have not been officially approved by the FDA for use in children, but the doctor prescribes them if he or she feels they are appropriate for your child. Further research needs to be done to ensure not only the efficacy but the safety of experimental drugs used in the treatment of children and adolescents.

In treating symptoms of autism there are a number of medications, developed for other conditions which have been found effective. The goal of medications for autism is to reduce these behaviors to allow the individual to take advantage of educational and behavioral treatments. People with autism have very sensitive nervous systems. Some individuals may require much lower doses of medications than people with a normal nervous system. This will vary from individual to individual.

Medication treatment for children with autism may not respond in the same way as typically developing children. It is important that parents work with a doctor who has experience with treating autism. A child should be monitored closely while taking a medication. The doctor will prescribe the lowest dose possible to be effective. Ask the doctor about any side effects the medication may have and keep a record of how your child responds to the medication.

For treatment of autism we do not endorse any specific medication. The information provided here is meant as an overview of the types of medications sometimes prescribed. Be sure to consult a medical professional for more information.

Medication for Autism - Risperdal

Risperdal, an anti-psychotic drug, has just been approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat the symptoms of autism in children and adolescents ages 5 to 16. It’s the first time the FDA has approved any drug to treat behaviors such as aggression, deliberate self-injury and severe temper tantrums associated with autism in children. Some doctors warn that the drug should be used only after other treatments are tried that don’t involve medication.

The FDA’s new approval for the use of Risperdal for autistic children comes after two eight-week placebo-controlled trials in 156 patients ages 5 to 16, 90 percent of whom were ages 5 to 12. If intervention without medication is not successful in changing the child’s behavior and if the child is doing such things as banging his/her head or biting themselves, then perhaps there is a place for pharmacological intervention. Risperdal should be used thoroughly and not as the first form of treatment.

The National Autism Association, an advocacy group for families of autistic children, has serious concerns about Risperdal. It may also have rare reactions, such as extreme weight gain, the seeping of a milk-like substance from nipples in both girls and boys, and a neurological disorder causing involuntary movements, which according to the drug manufacturer can sometimes be permanent.

The most common adverse reactions with Risperdal include unconsciousness, increase in appetite, fatigue, upper respiratory tract infection, increase in saliva, constipation, dry mouth, tremor, muscle stiffness, dizziness, involuntary movements, restlessness, repetitive behavior, rapid heart beat, confusion, and increase in weight. Some people may need regular blood sugar testing. Studies suggest an increased risk of elevated blood sugar-related side effects, and sometimes potentially fatal, in patients treated with this class of medications, including Risperdal. Risperdal may affect alertness and motor skills; use caution until the effect of Risperdal is known.

The safety and effectiveness of Risperdal in pediatric patients with autistic disorder less than 5 years of age have not been established. If you or the child observes these symptoms, talk to your healthcare professional. The dosage of Risperdal should be individualized for children and adolescents based on weight

Medication for Autism - Secretin

Secretin is a chemical messenger one of the hormones that controls gastric function digestion. Although secretin is generally considered safe for single dose diagnostic use, no data are available yet as to the safety of repeated doses over time and no data have been submitted on its safety and efficacy for children. Secretin is not approved by the FDA for the treatment of Autism. Some physicians may use this drug as treatment at their own discretion. However, without a proper antibodies test first this drug might become a serious problem.

Researchers are concerned about side effects over time on the young child and many remain worried with allergic reactions. Currently, the risks appear to be exceeding the gains by a long margin. It was reported three children with autistic spectrum disorders who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and injections of secretin. All three within 5 weeks of the secretin treatment, exhibited a significant improvement of the children's gastrointestinal symptoms was observed, as was a dramatic improvement in their behavior, manifested by improved eye contact, alertness, and expansion of expressive language. These clinical observations suggest an association between gastrointestinal and brain function in patients with autistic behavior. Reports indicate that it is also effective in social development.

No double-blind, placebo-controlled studies of secretin treatment in autism have been conducted At the present time, there is no agreed upon procedure to determine which children may potentially benefit from the use of this drug. Physicians are advised that, like all drugs, there is the possibility of adverse events that may be associated with individual allergies or sensitivity. Although it is possible that some of the patients respond well to the research studies, the available evidence does not suggest that secretin is a useful treatment for children with autism.

Medication for Autism - Serotonin and anti depressants

Serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been effective in treating depression, obsessive-compulsive behaviors, and anxiety that are sometimes present in autism. Because researchers have consistently found elevated levels of serotonin in the bloodstream of one-third of individuals with autism, these drugs could potentially reverse some of the symptoms of serotonin impairments in autism. Serotonin has affected the regulation of many functions, such as learning, memory, sensory and motor processes, and, most important for treatment, repetitive behaviors that are relevant to autism.

Studies have shown that several anti depressants may reduce the frequency and intensity of repetitive behaviors, and may decrease irritability, tantrums and aggressive behavior. Some children have shown improvements in eye contact and responsiveness. However, all these drugs have potential side-effects, which should be discussed before treatment is started.

Anti-psychotic medications for autism have been the most widely studied over the past 35 years. Originally developed for treating schizophrenia, these drugs have been found to decrease hyperactivity, stereotypic behaviors, withdrawal and aggression in individuals with autism. Like the antidepressants, these drugs all have potential side effects, including sedation.

Stimulants used to treat hyperactivity in children with ADHD have also been prescribed for children with autism. Although few studies have been done, they may increase focus, and decrease impulsivity and hyperactivity in autism, particularly in higher-functioning children. Dosages need to be carefully monitored, however, because behavioral side effects are often dose-related.

There is increasing recognition that childhood autism can be favorably modified by appropriate medication. Medications that proved to be beneficial are the same as those used for mood disorder in the non-autistic population, namely SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), atypical antipsychotics, and mood stabilizers (lithium or antiepileptic agents).

Medication for Autism- Divalproex Sodium

The Divalproex (Depakote) Study examines efficacy of Divalproex sodium, a drug that is already FDA-approved for the treatment of epilepsy or manic episodes associated with bipolar disorder. This mood stabilizer may help in reducing autistic symptoms, such as impulsivity, aggression, and social and language deficits, in children/adolescents with autism.

The present study evaluated the use of divalproex in the treatment of repetitive, compulsive-like symptoms of autism spectrum disorder. Thirteen individuals with ASD participated in an 8 week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of divalproex sodium vs. placebo. There was a significant group difference on improvement in repetitive behaviors as measured by the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. This study provides preliminary support for the use of divalproex in treating repetitive behaviors in ASD. Further research is needed to evaluate the specificity and mechanism of action of these findings.

No Cure for Autism

There is no cure for autism spectrum disorders. As of now there is no one method alone used effectively in treating autism. However, professionals and families have found that a combination of treatments may be effective in treating symptoms and behaviors that make it hard for individuals with autism to function. These may include behavioral and medication for autism. While there are no drugs, vitamins or special diets that can correct the underlying neurological problems that seem to cause autism, parents and professionals have found that some drugs used for other disorders are sometimes effective in treating some aspects of or behaviors associated with autism.
Medication for Treating Autism

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Age Appropriate Behavior
Aspergers
Autism and Bullying
Autism Therapies
Characteristics of Autism
Classic Autism
Early Signs of Autism
Echolalia (repetitive speech)
Fragile X
Hyperlexia
Medication and Autism
Parenting Help
PDD-NOS Pervasive Developmental Disorder
Rett Syndrome
Savant Syndrome
Sensory Integration
Autism
Behavioral Disorders
Bipolar Disorder
Cerebral Palsy
Childhood Weight Problems
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Depression in Children
Developmental Disorders
Divorce and Children
Dyspraxia / Apraxia
Early Intervention
Family Medical Leave Act
Immunization Worries
Learning Disability
Parenting Issues
Rett Syndrome
Selective Mutism
Social Anxiety
Speech Disorders
Speech Therapy