|PDD - Information on Pervasive Developmental Disorder. Bright Tots - Information on child development - Autism information
|Pervasive Developmental Disorder / PDD
Pervasive Developmental Disorder & Autism Spectrum Disorder are one and the same, both these terms are just separate ways of describing autism and conditions which are similar to autism. The word development emphasis that the problem is found early in the child’s life. Pervasive describes the many areas of the child’s development that are affected. With autism spectrum disorders, although the disorder is pervasive, it does not affect every aspect of development. This term is criticized because it describes the nature of autistic features. There are many more children with autism spectrum disorder than there are children with classic autism alone.
P D D
Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) is a category that was appointed by the American Psychiatric Association to children with delay in their social /language/motor and/or cognitive development. A child may have delays in social development and delays in one or more of the other areas.
Autism PDD in children can vary tremendously. PDD is not one disorder but a category that surrounds a wide range of delays, differs enormously in developmental domains. Autism is the most severe of the pervasive developmental disorders. Autism is a primary disturbance in the individual's ability to relate to others. Language delay and cognitive delays are also common.
PDD-NOS or Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified. This is a diagnosis given to a child who exhibits impairment in the development of reciprocal social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, or when autistic tendencies are present. Some of the symptoms might be extreme difficulty attending to the pertinent aspects of the environment or aggression towards self or others. Many parents may notice self injurious behaviors, self-injury may be a form of self-stimulatory. They are repetitive, ritualistic behaviors which provide the child with some form of sensory stimulation and satisfaction.
Children with PDD engage some of the above behaviors to obtain attention from other people. Some children exhibit self-injury to escape or avoid a task. Other possibilities that these behaviors could be related to hypersensitivity to certain sound in the environment.
PDD / PDD-NOS
Pervasive Developmental Disorder has no cure, autism does respond to behavioral and educational treatment. Research suggests that early intervention is especially effective in achieving growth in cognitive and communication skills. There are a variety of intervention programs that have been designed specifically to help children with autism. Parents may hear that one or more of these ( "Floor Time," "FastForWord," "ABA," "Auditory Integration Training," or "Social Stories") is the intervention that a child must have to make progress.
PDD has does not have one intervention program that will guarantee progress. Like children everywhere, children with autism differ from each other. Like all children, they differ in terms of their IQs, their interests, their strengths, and their educational needs. An intervention program must be individually designed, with the help of experienced professionals, so that it is fit to the strengths, interests and needs of each child with autism.
PDD / PDD-NOS effective behavioral programs, such as ABA, are often helpful in setting behaviors the child does not show spontaneously. But these programs will need to use more natural approaches that encourage the child to use newly learned behaviors in real life situations. Successful intervention programs usually involve a mix of highly structured environment and natural activities and have the following:
Children with PDD should have individualized sessions
Set arranged, structured teaching
Intensive therapy (at least 20 hours/week)
Developmentally appropriate exercises
Some contact with typical peers
Parents of children with PDD should be wary of any intervention that promises a cure or suggests that its method is the only effective approach. Parents should also suspect any program that requires parents to personally pay high fees. Children with PDD / autism are entitled to public educational services and legitimate services should be provided by public agencies. Parents should not be obligated to pay for educational services themselves.
|Pervasive Developmental Disorder - PDD / PDD-NOS
Know What to Shop For
|Bright Tots ~ Information on childhood developmental disorders, including autism, attention deficit disorder (ADHD), behavior disorders, bipolar disorder, cerebral palsy, childhood disintegrative disorder, depression in children, diabetes in children, down syndrome, emotional disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder , selective mutism, separation anxiety disorder, speech and language disoreders and spina bifida..
Resources, articles and information on autism including Asperger's syndrome, assessing autism, autism and tantrums, autism in childhood, autism therapies, characteristics of autism, discipline strategies, early signs of autism, echolilia, fragile x, hyperlexia / dyslexia, immunization worries, oral care and autism, pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), Rett syndrome, savant syndrome, and more.
Understanding developmental disorders. Find Early Intervention in your area.
Information and articles on autism therapy and autism treatment including: ABA therapy, autism diets, chelation therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, key to learning, medications for treating autism, play therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, sensory integration, signed speech, speech therapy, TEACCH Method and more
What is a learning disability? What are developmental domains? Tips on teaching a child with autism, age appropriate behavior (milestones), parenting rules, oral care and autism, baby tooth decay, is your child over weight? For those hard to understand terms, visit our Glossary
Bright Tots - Helpful information for picking the right toy for Babies, Toddlers and Preschool kids
What to look for in developmental baby, toddler and preschool toys. Read on the importance of choosing the right educational baby toys, educational toddler toys, educational preschool toys that will
"Make Learning Fun"
Choosing the right Baby Toys | Toddler Toys | Preschool Toys | Special Needs
|Click above for a larger view